Friday, 12 July 2024, 9:03 PM
Site: Education Portal
Content: Resources (Resources)
Terminology: Terminology


A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), commonly termed heart bypass surgery, involves creating an alternative channel to improve blood flow to the heart when a coronary artery is blocked.


Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a pneumonia developed by a person with little contact with the healthcare system - in contrast with HAP.

NICE Guideline (NG138) - Pneumonia (community-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing

BMJ Best Practice - CAP


Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a form of dialysis which happens throughout the day/night, in which the person drains and exchanges their own fluid. 

During CAPD, dialysis fluid is left in the peritoneal cavity for 4-6 hours to allow waste products from the blood to accumulate. The fluid is then drained out. Fluid can be left overnight.

The other form of peritoneal dialysis is APD.

CAPD is an example of RRT.



Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social 'talking therapy' focussing on how your thoughts, beliefs and attitudes affect your feelings and behaviour. CBT teaches coping strategies. - CBT


Congestive cardiac failure (CCF, or congestive heart failure, CHF) refers to combined left and right heart failure.


Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) confirms that a doctor has completed an approved training programme in the UK and is eligible for entry onto the specialist register (or GP register).

CESR provides an alternative route to the specialist register.



The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a public health institute of the United States.


Certificate of Eligibility for Specialist Registration (CESR) provides a route for doctors who do not hold a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) to gain entry onto the Specialist Register.

RCPE information on CESR


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder that mostly affects the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and GI tract.

CF typically leads to frequent lung infections, sinus infections, poor growth, fatty stool, and infertility in males due to congenital absence of the vas deferens.

There is no cure. CF is managed with pulmonary rehabilitation, antibiotics, mucolytics (drugs that loosen and thin mucus) and pancreatic enzyme replacement; lung transplantation may be considered. Ivacaftor may also be considered.

NICE Guideline (NG78) - Cystic fibrosis: Diagnosis and management


Coronary heart disease (CHD), previously called ischaemic heart disease (IHD), occurs when the coronary arteries are narrowed by a build-up of fatty material within their walls, limiting oxygen delivery to the heart.

NB: CHD may also refer to congenital heart disease.

BHF - Coronary heart disease