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Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines.

Mendeley - AI in medicine


Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) occurs when the body is severely damaged by the HIV virus, and encompasses a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses.

NICE CKS - HIV infection and AIDS


Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory liver disease. 

Without immunosuppressive treatment, AIH may lead to cirrhosis.

British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) guidelines for management of autoimmune hepatitis - Gleeson and Heneghan (2011)


Acute kidney injury (AKI, also termed acute renal failure, ARF) is when the kidneys suddenly stop working. EdRen - more info




Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a rapidly-developing blood cancer where an abundance of immature lymphocytes are produced.

ALL is the most common type of leukaemia to affect children but can also affect adults.

Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment.

Cancer Research UK - ALL


Advanced life support (ALS) expands on BLS with the addition of airway equipment, cardiac monitoring, manual defibrillation, and medications used in cardiac arrest, with increased focus on working in a multi-disciplinary team.

Resuscitation Council (UK) - Adult advanced life support


Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is an aggressive blood cancer of myeloid cells.

Risk increases with age, and AML is most common in people over 65.

Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, but bone marrow or stem cell transplants may also be considered.

Cancer Research UK - AML


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) includes resistance of infectious microorganisms to antibiotics, antivirals, antiprotozoals, antimalarials, and antifungals.

AMR makes these treatments ineffective, meaning infections persist and are more likely to cause harm and be spread to others.


The Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT, or Abbreviated Mental Test Score, AMTS) is a quick screening test produced in 1972 to detect cognitive impairment in the elderly.

It may not be culturally appropriate to continue using this test, and its validity has been questioned. - AMTS


The acute medical/medicine unit (AMU), also known as the medical assessment unit (MAU), provides rapid definitive assessment, investigations and management for patients admitted as an emergency by their GP or who require admission from the ED.

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