Terminology


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A

AF

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of cardiac arrhythmia characterised by rapid and irregular beating of the heart's atria, due to aberrant electrical activity.

NICE CKS - Atrial fibrillation


AHP

The NHS recognises 14 Allied Health Profession(al)s (AHPs), including OT, PT and SALT.


AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines.

Mendeley - AI in medicine


AIDS

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) occurs when the body is severely damaged by the HIV virus, and encompasses a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses.

NICE CKS - HIV infection and AIDS


AIH

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory liver disease. 

Without immunosuppressive treatment, AIH may lead to cirrhosis.

British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) guidelines for management of autoimmune hepatitis - Gleeson and Heneghan (2011)


AKI

Acute kidney injury (AKI, also termed acute renal failure, ARF) is when the kidneys suddenly stop working. EdRen - more info

NICE CKS - AKI

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AKI / CKD

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ALL

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a rapidly-developing blood cancer where an abundance of immature lymphocytes are produced.

ALL is the most common type of leukaemia to affect children but can also affect adults.

Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment.

Cancer Research UK - ALL


Allergy / Immunology

View all Allergy / Immunology content


ALS

Advanced life support (ALS) expands on BLS with the addition of airway equipment, cardiac monitoring, manual defibrillation, and medications used in cardiac arrest, with increased focus on working in a multi-disciplinary team.

Resuscitation Council (UK) - Adult advanced life support

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