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Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is an aggressive blood cancer of myeloid cells.

Risk increases with age, and AML is most common in people over 65.

Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, but bone marrow or stem cell transplants may also be considered.

Cancer Research UK - AML


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) includes resistance of infectious microorganisms to antibiotics, antivirals, antiprotozoals, antimalarials, and antifungals.

AMR makes these treatments ineffective, meaning infections persist and are more likely to cause harm and be spread to others.


The Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT, or Abbreviated Mental Test Score, AMTS) is a quick screening test produced in 1972 to detect cognitive impairment in the elderly.

It may not be culturally appropriate to continue using this test, and its validity has been questioned.

Patient.info - AMTS


The acute medical/medicine unit (AMU), also known as the medical assessment unit (MAU), provides rapid definitive assessment, investigations and management for patients admitted as an emergency by their GP or who require admission from the ED.

Anaesthetics / Intensive Care


Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is a form of dialysis in which a machine fills and empties the peritoneal cavity 3-5 times during the night. The other form of peritoneal dialysis is CAPD.

APD is an example of RRT.



Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterised by rapid onset of widespread inflammation in the lungs.


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that affects social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour.

Source: NHS Inform - ASD


Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) involves the management of a trauma patient.

In the UK, Trauma and Orthopaedics (T&O) is a paired specialty.


Atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common type of SVT.


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