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AVPU is a responsiveness scale: Alert, responds to Voice, responds to Pain, Unresponsive
Abdominal X-ray (AXR, more accurately abdominal radiograph) may be used to confirm diagnoses such as bowel obstruction, toxic megacolon and renal colic (using a KUB AXR, Kidneys-Ureters-Bladder).
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Basic life support (BLS) includes CPR and may include use of an AED, but does not include advanced monitoring or interventions such as use of airway equipment.
More advanced support is provided by ALS.
The British Medical Association (BMA) is the trade union and professional association for doctors and medical students in the UK.
Bone mineral density (BMD) is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue, and can be measured using DEXA.
Body mass index (BMI) is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height (kg/m²).
BMI classifies people as underweight (BMI less than 18.5), healthy weight (18.5-24.9), overweight (25-29.9) and obese (30-39.9).