Terminology


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A

AVPU

AVPU is a responsiveness scale: Alert, responds to Voice, responds to Pain, Unresponsive

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AVRT

Atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (AVRT), also termed atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia, is a type of SVT most commonly associated with Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome.

LITFL - Pre-excitation syndromes


AXR

Abdominal X-ray (AXR, more accurately abdominal radiograph) may be used to confirm diagnoses such as bowel obstruction, toxic megacolon and renal colic (using a KUB AXR, Kidneys-Ureters-Bladder).

Radiopaedia - AXR


B

Back Pain

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BCG

The BCG vaccine (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) protects against TB.

NHS Inform - BCG vaccine


Blackout / Collapse

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BLS

Basic life support (BLS) includes CPR and may include use of an AED, but does not include advanced monitoring or interventions such as use of airway equipment.

More advanced support is provided by ALS.

Resuscitation Council (UK) - Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation

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BMA

The British Medical Association (BMA) is the trade union and professional association for doctors and medical students in the UK.


BMD

Bone mineral density (BMD) is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue, and can be measured using DEXA.


BMI

Body mass index (BMI) is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height (kg/m²).

BMI classifies people as underweight (BMI less than 18.5), healthy weight (18.5-24.9), overweight (25-29.9) and obese (30-39.9).



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