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Capabilities in Practice (CiPs) are learning outcomes for internal medicine training (IMT) that cover the key professional activities expected of a fully-trained physician.
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal degenerative brain disorder. CJD is a prion disease and there are four main types:
Creatinine kinase (CK) is an enzyme expressed by various tissues, particularly in muscles.
CK is measured as a marker of damage of CK-rich tissue such as in rhabdomyolysis (severe muscle breakdown) and muscular dystrophy. CK used to be used to diagnose MI but has been replaced by troponin.
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a type of blood cancer where too many myeloid cells are produced – immature white blood cells that are not fully developed and do not work properly.
CML tends to progress slowly over many years.
CML can occur at any age, but is most common in older adults around 60-65 years of age.
The main treatment for CML are tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as imatinib.
CML is classically associated with the Philadelphia chromosome.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that is usually harmless (but poses a risk to developing babies and people with immunodeficiency). CMV persists for life.
CNS refers to the central nervous system , consisting of the brain and spinal cord (in contrast to the PNS, the peripheral nervous system).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a group of lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties.