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Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a challenging disorder faced by hepatologists.

Liver injury can result from a vast number of drugs used in clinical practice, and from a number of herbs and dietary supplements.

Drug-Induced Liver Injury EASL Guideline


Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes (triad of hyperglycaemia, ketonaemia and acidaemia), characterised by absolute insulin deficiency. DKA is potentially fatal and is a medical emergency, and it is the most common acute hyperglycaemic complication of type 1 diabetes.

BMJ Best Practice - DKA


DMARDs are disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.


The purpose of a Do Not Attempt CPR (DNACPR) decision is to provide immediate guidance to those present (mostly healthcare professionals) on the best action to take (or not take) should the person suffer cardiac arrest or die suddenly.

Resuscitation Council (UK) - DNACPR


Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are direct-acting oral anticoagulants (first called 'novel' oral anticoagulants, NOACs).


A digital rectal examination (DRE) is an internal examination of the rectum.

DRE is also known as a PR (per rectum/rectal) examination.


Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) is a rare reaction to certain medications causing widespread rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and characteristic blood abnormalities including eosinophilia.

Management consists of stopping the offending medication and supportive care. Systemic corticosteroids are commonly used.


The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) maintains the registration and licensing of drivers in Great Britain, and responsibilities include recording driver medical conditions.

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